Pearl Harbor changed the history of the world.
Do you know the story of Pearl Harbor and how it changed the history of the world? Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor, west of Honolulu in Hawaii, on the island of Oahu. Hawaiians called the harbor Wai Momi. It means Pearl Waters because the waters were once full of oysters that made pearls. The harbor was used as an American military base.
The U.S. Navy wanted to use the harbor since the mid-1800’s, and in 1887, the Hawaiian king allowed them. When the United States had taken over the Hawaiian Islands in 1900, the military base was built.
On Dec. 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, by bombing it from their warplanes. The United States were not prepared for this because Japan and America were not at war. The attack happened early in the morning while the sailors were asleep, so they couldn’t defend themselves very well. After the attack, 21 of their 96 ships had been sunk, and 2402 people were dead. It was this attack that forced the United States to enter World War II.
Naval base in the Pacific Ocean
The United States has a big military to defend our country and those of our allies against enemies. There is the air force, the army and the navy to protect air, land and seas. One of the main naval bases where many war ships are based is located in several areas of Hawaii. By having a strong presence in the Pacific Ocean the U.S. secures safe trade routes for container ships to travel to Asia and protects the West Coast of the United States.